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Specialty vegetable crops

Technical Development

Premium Vegetables

Chinese White Cabbage (Yellow Leaf), Flowering Chinese Cabbage (45 days) & Angular Silky Gourd

Chinese White Cabbage (Yellow Leaf), Flowering Chinese Cabbage (45 days) & Angular Silky Gourd
 

Chinese White Cabbage         (Yellow Leaf)

 Flowering Chinese Cabbage (45 days)

 Angular Silky Gourd

Sowing Period

  April to September

  April to September

Mid-March to May

Early August to September

Growing
Environment
 

Chinese white cabbage (yellow leaf) likes warm climate. It can stand hot and humid weather. The ideal temperature for growing is between 20℃ and 30℃. It grows best in rich humus loamy soil with good drainage and a pH value between 6.0 and 7.0. 

Flowering Chinese cabbage  (45 days) likes warm climate. It can stand hot and humid weather. The ideal temperature for growing is between 20℃ and 30℃. It grows best in rich humus loamy soil with good drainage and a pH value between 6.0 and 6.5.

Angular silky gourd likes hot environment with adequate sunlight. The ideal temperature for growing is between 25℃ to 30℃. It grows best in thick layer of rich humus loamy soil with good drainage and a pH value between 6.0 to 6.8.

Planting

Both direct sowing and transplanting are suitable.

Plant spacing should be about 10 cm x 15 cm.

Both direct sowing and transplanting are suitable.

Plant spacing should be about 15 cm x 20 cm

Both direct sowing and transplanting are suitable.

Plant spacing should be about 60 cm x 120 cm in a single row. 

Application
of Fertilizer

Basal dressing: Apply about 1,000 kg compost, or peanut cake and bone meal each 90 kg to each d.c..

Top dressing: When seedlings come to 3 to 4 true leaves, apply organic fertilizer once according to the condition of growth.

 

Basal dressing: Apply about 1,000 kg compost, or peanut cake and bone meal each 90 kg to each d.c..

Top dressing: When seedlings come to 4 to 5 true leaves, apply 45 kg of peanut cake once.

Basal dressing : Apply about 1,000 kg compost, or peanut cake and bone meal each 90 kg to each d.c..

Top dressing: When female flowers bloom, apply top dressing once. Add peanut cake and bone meal each about 50 g next to each plant.

 

( 1 d.c. = 674 square metres or 7,260 square feet )

Others

Intertilled weeding and earthing up should be done to facilitate growth.

 

Intertilled weeding and earthing up should be done to facilitate growth.

When the plant grows up to 30 cm, support it with a bamboo frame. During the growing period, sufficient soil moisture should be kept, and intertilled earthing up and weeding should be conducted. The small fruits should grow in a vertical position.

 

Harvesting

Chinese white cabbage can be harvested when it comes into 5 to 6 leaves.

It takes about 25 to 30 days from sowing to harvesting.

 

When flowers start to bloom on the stalk of flowering Chinese cabbage, harvest the stalk with 4 to 5 tender leaves.

It takes about 35 to 45 days from sowing to harvesting the main stalk. The side stalks can be harvested once or twice after harvesting the main stalk.

 

The fruits are ready for harvest when they are soft and stop growing.

It takes about 55 days from sowing to harvesting.

 

 

Horticulture Section, AFCD 

 

2009 

 

 

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Last Review Date : 08 February 2017