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Specialty vegetable crops

Technical Development

Premium Vegetables

Mini wax gourd, yellow cucumber & green bitter cucumber

Growing Mini Wax Gourd, Yellow Cucumber & Green Bitter Cucumber
Cultivation environment: Warm and sunny weather is preferred. Grow well between 25oC and 30oC in thick and humus-rich loam with good drainage, and a pH value between 6.0 and 6.8.
Planting and spacing:

Transplantation of seedlings is the preferred method of cultivation. Transplant seedlings once they have grown 3 to 5 true leaves. Plant spacing should be about 60 cm x 120 cm. Cultivate in single row.

Fertilizer application and management:

Basal dressing: Apply about 1,000kg of compost or 90kg of both peanut cake meal and bone meal to each d.c..

Top dressing: Apply top dressing 2 weeks after transplanting, 100g of organic fertiliser (N:P:K=4:3:3) for each plant. Re-apply once every 2 weeks until the plant stops growing.

(1 d.c.= 674 square metres or 7,260 square feet)

Training: Erect a trellis to support the vines once the plant reaches 40 cm in height. Pluck all side vines and fruits from the lower portion of the main stem to encourage growth. During growth period, maintain a suitable level of moisture in the soil, conduct light ploughing, earthing-up, weeding and thinning to allow the young fruits to grow straight.
Harvesting:

Mini wax gourd: Harvest once the fruits reach 26 cm in length and 14 cm in width.

Yellow cucumber / green bitter cucumber: Harvest once the fruits are plump and the skin shows characteristics of the cultivar.

Horticulture Section, AFCD
2011

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Last Review Date : 08 February 2017