Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department



Baseline Ecological Monitoring Programme for the Mai Po Inner Deep Bay Ramsar Site


History and objectives

Under the Ramsar Convention and the recommendation of the Conservation and Management Plan for the Ramsar Site, the then Agriculture and Fisheries Department initiated a Baseline Ecological Monitoring Programme (BEMP) for the Ramsar Site in 1998. In 2000, a Technical Manual (TM) was prepared by the Hyder Consulting as the guide for the implementation of the programme.

The Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department has implemented the Baseline Ecological Monitoring Programme since 2001 in order to establish baseline datasets of the ecological characters of the Mai Po Inner Deep Bay Ramsar Site.

The fundamental objective of BEMP is to monitor the ecological conditions of the Ramsar Site so that the ecological values of the area can be maintained and improved through management and other measures. In the long run, it is wished that an ecological baseline dataset of the Ramsar Site could be established based on the data of BEMP for ecological monitoring and assessment in future.


The programme includes monitoring of both core ecological parameters including analyses on benthic fauna, habitat quality and changes and waterbird count and supplementary data namely water quality, sediment quality and sedimentation rate.

To comply with the government tendering requirement, the monitoring activities are arranged into continual projects, each of 12 months in duration. The first monitoring project was commenced in October 2001 and the current monitoring project was the fifth one which was commenced in December 2005 and will end in November 2006. The current project is undertaken by the Laboratory of Environmental Toxicology at the University of Hong Kong.

If you are interested to learn about the technical details of the monitoring programme, please contact the Wetland and Fauna Conservation Division at for the softcopy of the Technical Manual.

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Last Review Date : 19 November 2013