Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department
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Natural Environment of Hong Kong
Hong Kong's topography and sub-tropical climate provide a wide range of habitats to support a rich variety of flora and fauna. Scenically, it has a great deal to offer- a landscape rising from sandy beaches and rocky foreshores to a height of almost 1,000-metre high, woodlands and hilly areas covered by open grassland and a variety of scenic vistas rarely matched in such a small place.
In Hong Kong, there are more than 3,300 species of vascular plants, of which about 2,100 are native; some 50 species of mammals; over 500 species of birds; about 80 species of reptiles and more than 20 amphibian species. Insect diversity is also very high with more than 230 species of butterflies and about 120 species of dragonflies.
The objectives of conservation work:
To conserve local flora, fauna and natural habitats through offering conservation advice on development proposals, planning strategies and environmental impact assessment; law enforcement; research and implementing biodiversity conservation plans; and identifying Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs);
To conduct regular ecological surveys to take inventory and update the status of our biodiversity assets and to establish an ecological database for Hong Kong;
To monitor the ecology of the Mai Po Inner Deep Bay Ramsar Site; and to develop and manage the Hong Kong Wetland Park;
To conserve endangered species of animals and plants through controlling their international trade; and
To promote public awareness and participation in nature conservation through publicity and educational activities.
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Last Review Date : 14 February 2018