Designated Marine Parks and Marine Reserve
Sha Chau and Lung Kwu Chau Marine Park
The Sha Chau and Lung Kwu Chau Marine Park is situated in the open waters on the western side of Hong Kong. This marine park is designated in November 1996. It covers a total sea area of about 1,200 hectares. The boundary is demarcated by yellow light buoys deployed at the corners of the marine park. The landward boundary generally follows the high water mark along the coastline. Please refer to the gazette map and explanatory material for the actual boundary.
Map of Sha Chau and Lung Kwu Chau Marine Park
The marine environment of Sha Chau and Lung Kwu Chau Marine Park is greatly influenced by the Pearl River freshwater run-off, with high organic and sediment loading. Marine organisms found in this region are highly adapted to this marine environment of low salinity and high turbidity.
The Indo-Pacific Hump-backed Dolphin, locally known as Chinese White Dolphin (Sousa chinensis), is found in this area. The rich fisheries resources in this area become a feeding ground for Chinese White Dolphin. Fishes of the Engrulidae, Scieanidae and Clupeidae families found in the marine park are important food component of the Chinese White Dolphin.
Pak Chau (Tree Island), a small island locating closed to the western boundary of Sha Chau and Lung Kwu Chau Marine Park, is an important night-time roost site for wintering Cormorants (Phalacrocorax carbo) in Hong Kong. This is also one of the reasons why Sha Chau, Lung Kwu Chau and Tree Island have been designated as Site of Special Scientific Interest on 20 September 1979.
For more details on the ecology of this area, please visit the Ecology of Sha Chau and Lung Kwu Chau Marine Park.