The Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CAMLR Convention) is an international convention entered into force in 1982. The objectives of CAMLR Convention is to conserve Antarctic marine living resources, which cover the populations of fin fish, molluscs, crustaceans and all other species of living organisms, including birds, found south of the Antarctic Convergence. Currently, CCAMLR has 26 Members and 10 Acceding States. Text of the Convention can be downloaded here.
The Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources ("CCAMLR") was established under the CAMLR Convention to give effect to the objectives and principles of conservation of the Convention, including regulating activities associated with the rational utilisation and management of the marine living resources in the Convention Area. The Commission has adopted a suite of Conservation Measures (CMs) to support the conservation of Antarctic marine living resources and the management of fisheries in the Southern Ocean. These Conservation Measures (CMs) set out the requirements related to gear specifications, data reporting, research activities and the establishment of marine protected areas.
With a view to protecting toothfish from IUU fishing internationally, CCAMLR adopted in May 2000 a conservation measure entitled “Catch Documentation Scheme for Dissostichus spp.” (CM 10-05). The Catch Documentation Scheme (CDS) provides a basis for:
(a) identifying the origins of Dissostichus spp. imports;
(b) determining if imports caught in the Convention Area were caught in a manner consistent with the relevant CCAMLR CMs; and
(c) furnishing the Commission with essential information necessary for fulfilling the management objectives of CAMLR Convention.
Under the CDS, each catch or shipment of Dissostichus spp. must be accompanied by a valid CDS document issued in accordance with the relevant CMs. Samples of the CDS documents including the Dissostichus catch document (DCD), Dissostichus export document (DED) and Dissostichus re-export document (DRED) can be downloaded here.